It is used in diesel engines found in most trucks, trains, buses, boats, agricultural vehicles and construction engines. Feed engines we use to produce and transport almost all our food and all other products we make and buy. Some cars, small trucks and boats also have diesel engines.
Diesel fuel is also used in electricity generators. Many industrial facilities, large buildings, institutional facilities, hospitals and utilities have backup diesel generators and emergency power supplies. Most remote villages in Alaska use diesel generators to generate electricity.
Heating oil (OIL) and diesel are closely related products called distillates. The main difference between the two fuels is that diesel fuel contains less sulfur heating oil (OIL). Approximately 12 L of distillate is produced from each barrel of crude oil 42 gallons. Of these 12 liters of distillate, less than 2 gallons are high in sulfur, which can only be sold as heating fuel.
In the past, diesel fuel contained high amounts of sulfur, which are considered harmful to the environment when burned through combustion. Because diesel fuel requires additional processing to remove sulfur, is more expensive to produce than DIESEL.
ISO has a standard (non-mandatory) for D2 Diesel Gasoil most oil companies used as reference. In U.S. is ANSI (American National Standards Institute) that defined the U.S. national standard for D2, according to the proposals of the ASTM, API and EPA.
In Europe there are similar variants at national level, for example, in Germany set by DIN, and Russia GOST (Gosudarstvenny Standart). Applying the ISO standards has allowed the reduction of sulfur in fuels, contributing to the decline pollution in many cities.